John David Browne (1807-1891) of Cininnati, Ohio was granted his first letters patent for, "A Machine for Paring Apples" on May 6, 1856. His inventive claim was for the quick return mechanism that conisted of two projections on the underside of gear J (the turntable gear) and the frame G (paring arm carriage). As the gear J rotates one of the projections pushes the paring arm around the apple. When paring is completed the projection moves through a space in G releasing the paring arm that snaps back to starting position due to tension in the spring. The second projection is now in place to repeat the paring procedure.
Browne's parer was featured in Scientific American in August 11, 1855 a full nine months before the patent was issued. The figure in the article illustrates the parer with a spiral ledge that actuates the gear carrying the paring arm. Browne's patent application was initially rejected and required amendments. In a letter to the commissioner of patents dated December 19, 1855 Browne indicates he had made the amendments requested. He also makes the following statement,
"I see by the papers returned me from the office that Munn & Co. amended them on the 8th of October last making the matter rather worse claiming the spiral ledge as a mover whereas it was only used as a means of reducing the speed and I have despensed with it entirely employing gear in its place as you will preceive by the accompanying cut."
J. L. Haven & Co. manufactured Browne's Nonpareil and Eclipse apple parers. To learn more about Browne's apple parers visit the article section of our website.
Apple Paring Machine. Scientific American, August 11, 1855, 10(48), p. 380.
Browne, J. D., inventor, Machine for Paring Apples, 1856 May 6. US14800.
Browne, J. D. "To W. C. Mason Commissioner of Patents." 19 December 1855, in Patent File 14,800, National Archives Kansas City, Missouri.
Patent File 14,800, Browne 6 May 1856, National Archives, Kansas City,C