& Howland Patent Turn-Table Apple Parer
and Howland purchased Keyes business c1857 and manufactured the
under their own name as the Patent Turn-Table Apple Parer (J. D. Seagrave v Keys (sic)). In the summer of 1859 Lockey and Howland started advertising their parer in the American Agriculturist (Judd, 1859, p. 255).
Lockey and Howland obtained a reissue of Keyes's December 16, 1856 patent identifying themselves as assignees on July 21, 1863 (Lockey and Howland, 1863). An advertisement in the New England Business Directory indicates they had sold over half a million machines by 1865 (New England Business Directory, 1865, p. 223). The ad introduces a new combination head patented by Howland that could swivel side to side as well as up and down (Howland, 1864).
J. D. Seagrave v Keys (sic), Interference File for patent 16240, National Archives Kansas City, Missouri.
Judd, Orange, editor, American Agriculturist Vol. 18, No. 8 (New Series no. 151). New York: Orange Judd 1859, p. 255.
Howland, W. M., inventor; 1864 August 30. Improved Fruit-Paring Machine. US44044.
Landers, Frary & Clark. 1869. Illustrated Catalogue and Price List of Table Cutlery and Hardware Manufactured by Landers, Frary & Clark Manufactories New Britain, Connecticut. New York: Hartford Press William C. Hutchings & Co, p. 582.
Lockey, J. H. and Howland, W. M., assignees of Horatio Keyes; 1863 July 21. Improved Apple-Paring Machine. RE1513 of US16240.
The New England Business Directory 1865. New York: Adams, Sampson, & CO., p. 223.