The Virtual Apple Parer Museum.  Dedicated to the exhibition and educational study of antique apple parers which have both historic and artistic value.














Helical Gears

WaverlyGearThe teeth of helical gears are at an angle to the axis of rotation. The teeth of the helical gear engage more slowly than those of spur gears. The helical gear runs more smoothly. The Waverly (right) is a quick return that uses helical gears on its returntable gear.


UnionGearThe Union makes the most creative use of helical gears. The outer edge of the hand-driven gear is a spur gear that drives the fork spur gear; however, the inside of the wheel is molded with long helical teeth, which interlock with the center gear (left). The outer edge of the center wheel is a bevel gear, but its inner surface is graced with long helical teeth that mesh with the paring arm gear (below left). Once an apple is pared the blade is pushed aside and the structure of the long helical teeth are now oriented so as to cause the blade to operate in the reverse direction, allowing it to pare during the return motion. I must note that D. H. Whittemore refers to these structures as cams in his November 11, 1866 patent (US59,884). I like to think of them as a type of modified helical gear because of their orientation to one another.

Image of Union Bevel Gear and Helical Gear
Image of Union Apple Peeler


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